I was thinking about wtiting something about hajj n eid ul azha we say, but correct pronouncuation is adha. then i found this very beautiful n elaborate hajj description written by ms. sadaf farooqi. by reading the article, i blief, it will inshallah provide any inquisitive reader a very strong knowledge base of islams essential 1 out of 5 foundations.
Kaba as we know was built by the 1st human n prophet of allah adom (alai heysalam) or adam. later it was destroyed during prophet nuh (alai heysalam) noahs time due 2 the great flood. finally, prophet mohammads (saw) family ancestor prophet ibrahim (alai heysalam) abraham was ordered by allah 2 rebuild the kaba on the original foundations of prophet adom. he obeyed allahs order n rebuilt the kaba (at its present form) along with his son prophet ismail (alai heysalam) ishmil n prayed 2 allah for muslims 2 gather here n praise allah. allah accepted his supplication. prophet ibrahim is called the father of muslim nations bcoz he is the 1 who invented the word muslim n requested 2 allah for permission 2 call those who follow islam 2 b called muslims. allah accepted. then it was ultimateĺy prophet mohammad who cleaned the kaba off the statues n mashallah established the power n ģlory of 1 n only creator allah.
the piccárd at the bottom gives the supplication of prophet ibrahim which all hajis start chanting softly as they r ready for their journey 2wards mekkah with the intention of hajj.
The famous last sermon of prophet mohammad during his last hajj.
How Hajj Promotes Peace and Unity
By Sadaf Farooqi
Freelance Writer- Pakistan
Wednesday, 16 September 2015 00:00
The best way to unite and make peace with pilgrim brethren is to tolerate anything negative that happens with patience and kindness.
To the righteous Muslim who has never gone for hajj, the aspiration to embark upon this once-in-a-lifetime journey manifests itself in their psyche as the ultimate “dream come true.”
This journey involves repenting for all their past wrongdoings, becoming closer to Allah, turning over a completely new leaf, and resolving to acquire a higher level of piety for the remainder of their life.
For those who have had the honor of performing hajj, especially after having studied their Deen in-depth, however, the journey along with all of its unique rituals takes on an entirely different identity: that of an unforgettable spiritual and emotional experience that teaches them innumerable invaluable lessons in sincerity (ikhlas), humility, submission to Allah, and forbearance.
Hajj is the only obligatory duty in Islam that involves communal worship, viz. in which all the rituals and rites have to be performed along with hundreds of thousands of other Muslims – in the same time and space, over a period of the same 5 days.
Hajj: Purpose and Significance
– How to Maintain the Peace & Unity of Hajj?
– Hajj… a Journey of Spiritual Healing
– Hajj 1436: Devotion, Unity & Peace
– Wisdom Behind Shaving Head During Hajj
– What Are the Spiritual Ethics of Hajj?
(the answer 2 the 1st answer is in:
[How to Maintain the Peace and Unity of Hajj? – Pilgrimage – Reading Islam – OnIslam.net] is good,have a look at it! http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/living-islam/first-steps/pilgrimage/493057-how-to-maintain-the-peace-and-unity-of-hajj.html. for the rest of the answers tab on the questions in that page].
The performance of hajj has been restricted to a few, specific geographical sites for the entire ummah, which means that – whatever their political, ethnic, and cultural differences might be back in their homelands during the rest of the year – this smaller ‘ummah’ of pilgrims has to repeatedly come together, at the same places, at the same times, to do the same things, if they want to fulfill their obligation of performing this foundational pillar of Islam.
Because of this, the journey of hajj imparts pilgrims an unforgettable annual lesson in peace and unity that is scarcely available anywhere else throughout the rest of the year.
The State of Ihram: An Aura of Calm Self-Restraint
When a pilgrim enters the state of ihram for hajj, they do not just put on a specific set of garments that are the same as the other pilgrims: rather, they enter a state of forced self-restraint, politeness, calmness, and forbearance in dealing with all their brethren in Islam for the next few days.
this peace and self-restraint is a unique, one-of-a-kind state that is not found anywhere
By doing away with varieties in clothing, especially for male pilgrims, the state of ihram abolishes their mutual differences related to social class, prestige, and economic status. Ihram unifies all pilgrims as slaves in front of Allah who are toiling on the same noble journey.
Secondly, the fact that all kinds of arguing, wrangling, fighting, and even hunting halal game is impermissible in the state of ihram (2:197), it causes the descent of an aura of complete peace upon the massive population of pilgrims who are performing hajj.
Once again, this peace and self-restraint is a unique, one-of-a-kind state that is not found anywhere else in the Muslim ummah during the rest of the year, even during Ramadan.
Not only are they united in how they look, what they wear, and how they are worshipping their Lord during these precious few days of peace, they are also united in a communal state of peacefulness that is utterly and totally free from even a small glimpse or flicker of commotion, fighting, rallying, protests, strife, discord or dissension.
There are no arms, weaponry or ammunition in sight within the magnanimous annual populace of millions of pilgrims, and yet, despite the current political and ethnic differences that exist in the ummah, and cause chronic strife, not a single pilgrim who comes for hajj gets hurt, injured or killed during the journey – except by unintentional accident!
Together for One Cause: All Differences Set Aside
“No, we do not combine prayers even whilst traveling. We follow the fiqh of so-and-so.”
“The mufti qualified from the largest Darul Uloom (Islamic university) back in our country gave us his opinion about this matter, so we will follow only his advice.”
“We consider eating crabs and lobsters impermissible according to our fiqh.”
“We adhere strictly to the opinions of so-and-so regarding the methodology of doing da’wah to non-Muslims.”
A follower of the Hanafi fiqh prays next to one who follows the Shafi fiqh
Whether the women of their group wear flowing black chadors or light-colored denim overcoats; whether they choose to cast votes during elections in their local democracies, or campaign actively for the revival of the khilafah; whether they pray salah at their campuses and offices with their shoes on or off; whether they prostrate on soft prayer rugs or plates of dried clay; whether they promote the cause of women’s emancipation and education, or believe in keeping women restricted strictly within the walls of the home; whether they habitually eat on a table-spread laid out on the floor, or on polished wooden dining tables…
When pilgrims from different backgrounds and cultures come to perform hajj in Saudi Arabia, they use more or less the same facilities as the others in their group as well as those beyond it: makeshift toilets, packaged food, rolled-up bedding, and tented accommodations. They all have luggage with them. They all eat, sleep, and worship more or less at the same time.
And they all silently and readily agree – as if on cue from their Lord above – to set aside their political, ideological, religious, and jurisprudential differences for the entire duration of the sacred hajj sojourn.
A follower of the Hanafi fiqh prays next to one who follows the Shafi fiqh, and doesn’t raise his hands before or after the ritual bowing (rukoo’), yet the brother by his side does. And both remain mutually respectful about it. There are no arguments or confrontations.
As they converge together upon the plain of Arafat, all pilgrims pray four units of salah behind one imam, and seek forgiveness henceforth till sundown from one God, Allah.
No divisions, no differences. One purpose, one place, one nation.
The Days of Mina: Opportunity for Outreach
The short stay at Mina can test everyone’s nerves and patience
Pilgrims have to spend all their nights in their tents at Mina from their arrival there on 8th of Dhul Hijjah, till their departure on the 12th or 13th. They can benefit from availing all their free time to get to know one another during their stay in the tented city, especially once they have performed all the main rites of the 10th day of Dhul Hijjah.
This is the day of Eid Al Adha for the rest of the Muslims around the world, in which pilgrims perform several rites, such as the shaving of heads (for men), taking a ritual bath (ghusl), putting on fresh (stitched) clothes, having their animals slaughtered, and finally, performing the main circumambulation of the ka’bah i.e. the obligatory Tawaf al Ifadah.
Modern day Mina is a tented, open-air zone of comfort and peace. The uniformly structured, air-conditioned and carpeted tents are arranged in an organized manner, with carefully named and numbered zones and streets. Food vendors and toilets are available near each tent.
Once the pilgrims are done with the Tawaf al ifadah, all that remains of rituals for them to do during their remaining stay at Mina, is to perform the stoning of pillars (jamraat) on a daily basis. This task can be delegated to mahram men, by the women, children and the elderly who cannot walk to stone the jamraat each day. This means that most pilgrims have ample free time to socialize and talk to each other throughout their 4-5 day stay at Mina.
How can pilgrims capitalize on their stay in Mina in order to promote better mutual understanding, unity, peace and respect?
Well, for one thing, they should avoid snapping or blowing their fuse whenever something done by their brethren really bothers or irritates them.
Since I have performed hajj, I can give a few small examples of this, e.g. a sister loses her bag of medicines due to the negligence of her companion. A brother has trouble napping or sleeping soundly because the ‘uncle’ on the bed next to him constantly snores, and the one on the other side keeps talking loudly on his phone. A sister’s nap is disturbed when another steps heavily on her foot whilst sprinting across the tent.
The short stay at Mina can test everyone’s nerves and patience, because it is a state of bare-basics traveling peppered with the performance of time-bound hajj rituals. The ages, physical abilities, personalities, habits, and varying backgrounds of the pilgrims in each tent transform the otherwise desolate city of Mina into a wonderful melting pot of diversity.
The best way to unite and make peace with pilgrim brethren is to tolerate anything negative that happens with patience and kindness and to seek out every opportunity to help relieve the problems and distress of those pilgrims who need help.
The days at Mina can also be spent in giving short Islamic talks and explaining portions of the Quran to one’s companions in the tent.
Even when language is a barrier, a smile, helping hand, and polite manners go a long way in bridging the gaps.
End of Article
I would like 2 add a little more. there is a hadid of prophet mohammad (saw) where he had suggested 2 his ummats that they shud come 2 medina since they have already come so far in order 2 convey salam 2 him. its just basic common sense as well isnt it? if u go 2 medina in lov n respect of yor prophet, he as well his best friend allah will b very pleased no doubt. although its not part of the hajj but most hajis do go n say salam 2 him either before or after hajj rituals starts or ends. he deserves this respect bcoz it is for his habib prophet mohammad allah has given us salat, it is prophet mohammad who had tot us the rituals of hajj n for his tireless supplications, bsides so much sins n wrong doings we still get a break fm allah in case our taubahs r pure. also allah said in the quran that on rhe day when no 1 can talk on others bhalf it will only b prophet mohammad that will n allowed 2 shafayet (plead) for his ummat on the day of final judgement. so salam n darud on u now n inshallah then my dear mentor, guardian, allahs mercy for the entire human race n an idol of knowledge, best character n a perfect all around human, prophet mohammad.
Last kuthbah of prophet muhammad peace be upon him Please copy and forward this to other people on your list and share please
“O People! lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore,
listen carefully to what I am saying and Take These Words to Those Who Could Not Be Present Here Today.“O People! just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that he will indeed reckon your deeds.
“Allah has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligations shall henceforth be waived. Your capital is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib (Prophet’s uncle) be waived.
“Every right arising out of homicide in pre-Islamic days is henceforth waived and the first such right that I waive is that arising from the murder of Rabiah ibn al-Harithiah.
“O Men! the unbelievers indulge in tampering with the calender in order to make permissible that which Allah forbade, and to prohibit which Allah has made permissible. With Allah the months are twelve in number. Four of them are holy, three of these are successive and one occurs singly between the months of Jumada and Shaban.
“Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope of that he will be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
“O People! it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with anyone of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
“O People! listen to me in earnest, worship Allah, say your five daily prayers, fast during month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat (obligatory charity). Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
“All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly.
“Do not therefore do injustice to yourselves. Remember one day you will meet Allah and answer your deeds. So beware, do not astray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
“O People! No Prophet or Apostle Will Come after Me and No New Faith Will Be Born. Reason well, therefore, O People! and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me
two things, the QUR’AN and my SUNNAH (i.e., sayings, deeds, and approvals) and if you follow these you will never go astray.“All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last ones understand my words better than those who listen to me directly.
“Be my witness O Allah, that I have conveyed your message to your people.”
The last sermon of the Prophet-peace be upon him- is known as Khutbatul Wada’. It is mentioned in almost all books of Hadith. Following Ahadith in Sahih Al-Bukhari refer to the sermon and quote part of it. (See Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1623, 1626, 6361) Sahih of Imam Muslim also refers to this sermon in Hadith number 98. Imam al-Tirmidhi has mentioned this sermon in Hadith nos. 1628, 2046, 2085. Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal has given us the longest and perhaps the most complete version of this sermon in his Masnud, Hadith no. 19774